withStyles function

The withStyles function extends a component and makes working with component styles more efficient
by providing a styles function which is invoked injecting CSS into the <head> once for all component instances.

// import it with all other features
import { createCustomElement, withStyles } from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/ficusjs@6'

// alternatively, import the function directly
// import { withStyles } from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/ficusjs@6/with-styles'

// import the renderer and html tagged template literal from the uhtml renderer
import { html, renderer } from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/@ficusjs/renderers@5/uhtml'

// import the css tagged template literal
import { css } from 'https://cdn.skypack.dev/@ficusjs/renderers@5/css'

createCustomElement(
'my-component',
withStyles({
renderer,
styles () {
return css`
my-component button {
background-color: yellow;
color: black;
}
`

},
render () {
return html`<button type="button">A styled button</button>`
}
})
)

The withStyles function automatically handles loading styles based on the component lifecycle hooks.

styles function

The styles function must be provided when using the withStyles function. This function is invoked and injects CSS into the <head>
once for all component instances.

The styles function can return:

  • a CSS String
  • URL to an external stylesheet
  • a css tagged template literal
  • style element
  • Array containing any combination of the above!

CSS string styles

Return a string containing styles.

{
styles () {
return `
my-component button {
background-color: yellow;
color: black;
}
`

}
}

External stylesheet

Return a URL to a stylesheet - must be a fully qualified URL, not a relative path.

External stylesheets are injected into the head as link[rel=stylesheet] tags.

{
styles () {
return 'https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@4.6.0/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css'
}
}

css tagged template literal

Return a css tagged template literal.

{
styles () {
return css`
my-component button {
background-color: yellow;
color: black;
}
`

}
}

style element

Return a style element.

{
styles () {
const cssText = `
my-component button {
background-color: yellow;
color: black;
}
`

const style = document.createElement('style')
style.appendChild(document.createTextNode(cssText))
return style
}
}

Mixed

Return a mixed array containing multiple combinations of styles.

{
styles () {
return [
'https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@4.6.0/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css',
`
my-component button {
background-color: yellow;
color: black;
}
`
,
css`
my-other-component button {
background-color: yellow;
color: black;
}
`

]
}
}